Synthetic Cannabinoids List
Synthetic cannabinoids were banned after a case in Japan concerning the use of synthetic cannabinoids by Marine, Army, and Marine Corps personnel. Dennis Daugaard on 23 February 2012, which entered into force immediately in accordance with the state constitution’s emergency clause. The use of eighth, tenth, and 12th graders has declined since 2011, while the use of botanical marijuana has remained stable. [Sources: 5] https://rcchemsupply.com/ have Synthetic Cannabinoids List like
Here at Rcchem supply, we sell a variety of premium synthetic cannabinoids. We are one of the top research chemical vendors on the internet. New regulations adopted by the DOH will help combat the sale of synthetic cannabinoids in the state of New York. The new rules extend the existing list of banned substances to include new chemical compounds that drug makers have been making since Governor Cuomo took aim at so-called synthetic marijuana in 2012. [Sources: 0]
Recent studies have shown that the use of synthetic cannabinoids can lead to death . Due to the high potential for abuse and the lack of medical knowledge about use, synthetic cannabinoids have been added to List I by the US Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), if necessary, in order to avoid immediate threats to public safety . In response, chemists initiated the illegal proliferation by synthesizing many new K2 analogues and altering the chemical structure . [Sources: 8]
What are synthetic cannabinoids?
Engineered cannabinoids are human-made psyche adjusting synthetics that are either showered on dried, destroyed plant material so they can be smoked or sold as fluids to be disintegrated and breathed in e-cigarettes and different gadgets. These items are otherwise called natural or fluid incense.
These synthetic compounds are called cannabinoids in light of the fact that they are like synthetics found in the pot plant. In light of this comparability, engineered cannabinoids are at times misleadingly called manufactured weed (or phony weed), and they are regularly promoted as protected, legitimate options in contrast to that drug. Indeed, they are undependable and may influence the cerebrum significantly more capably than cannabis; their real impacts can be flighty and, sometimes, more risky or even hazardous.
Manufactured cannabinoids are essential for a gathering of medications called new psychoactive substances (NPS). NPS are unregulated brain adjusting substances that have gotten recently accessible available and are proposed to create similar impacts as unlawful medications. A portion of these substances may have been around for quite a long time however have reappeared the market in modified compound structures, or because of recharged notoriety.
Which synthetic cannabinoids are legal
In recent years the synthetic cannabinoid K2 (Spice) has experienced a boom in popularity. The adverse health effects of K2, coupled with its increasing popularity, have led to Schedule I placement by the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA). In response, chemists of this synthetic cannabinoid have invented new substances to circumvent Schedule I. Each new class is a new example of a class of synthetic cannabinoids, and K2 will continue to be available for illegal use. [Sources: 8]
Synthetic cannabinoids, also known as Spice and K2, became widely available in the US in the mid-2000s. They are sometimes called “synthetic marijuana” or “fake weed” because they are advertised as a safe and legal substitute for natural marijuana. Synthetic products are designer drugs, frankincense and other leaf materials sprayed in a laboratory to synthesize liquid chemicals that mimic or copy the action of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the psychoactive component of the conventionally-grown Cannabis sativa plant. [Sources: 4]
Manufactured cannabinoids have structural features that enable them to bind to one of the known cannabinoid receptors and achieve effects similar to delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the best known psychoactive component of cannabis. Synthetic cannabinoids can be added to plant material, impregnated or sprayed, and in some cases they are added to plant material in solid form or as a crystalline powder, resulting in an inhomogeneous mixture. They are sold as
- Gold Spice,
- Silver Spice,
- Black Mamba,
- Bombay Blue,
- JWH 250,
- Yucatan Fire,
- Skunk Moon Rock,
Some synthetic cannabinoids are smoked, but oral use has also been reported. [Sources: 7]
Effects of synthetic cannabinoids
The long-term effects of synthetic cannabinoids on reproduction, cancer, memory development, and addictive potential are not known. Manufactured cannabinoids have been developed, are not subject to regulatory regulation, and are contaminated with a number of toxic substances. A report suggests that some products contain heavy metal residues that can be harmful to health. Other reports claim that addicts and users of synthetic marijuana have had unpleasant experiences and craved additional drugs. [Sources: 4]
Abstract reasoning: Products containing synthetic cannabinoids are commonly referred to as “spices” and are widely used. In contrast to THC, the cannabinoids contained in spices have high efficacy and efficacy at cannabinoid receptors and are full-fledged agonists. As a result, spices are often sold under the guise of potpourri or incense. Conventional urine toxicology does not investigate these synthetic cannabinoids because spice use seeks to avoid detection of drug use. Objective availability, acute subjective effects (including self-reporting and laboratory detection), addictive potential, and regulatory challenges of the spice phenomenon are reviewed. [Sources: 3]
Is synthetic cannabinoids a controlled substance
Investigation of the effects of Spice could further elucidate the association between cannabinoids and psychosis since the cannabinoids contained in Spice are more effective than THC in cannabis. Characterization of the effects of these synthetic cannabinoids could also characterize tolerance to cannabinoids and cannabinoid withdrawal syndrome. [Sources: 3]
Since they activate cannabinoid CB1 and CB2 receptors, many of the effects of synthetic cannabinoids are similar to those of THC. However, these effects are achieved in lower doses, and many of them are so strong that marijuana users are unaware that they are getting something stronger than it actually is. [Sources: 5]
Synthetic cannabinoids toxicity |How do synthetic cannabinoids affect the brain?
The serious side effects, in contrast to those that are used with marijuana, are probably due to the fact that many synthetic cannabinoids are full-fledged agonists of the cannabinoid receptors CB1R and CB2R, compared to THC, a partial agonist that is unable to saturate or activate the receptor population. Thus, the dose and the resulting concentration depend. Synthetic cannabinoids are active in the milligram range, with 5 mg being the most common dose. Therefore, it is important to take the right precautions at dosage to avoid negative experiences. It is recommended to apply harm minimization practices when using synthetic cannabinoids. [Sources: 6]
These are some of the earliest synthetic cannabinoids used commercially. Nabilone, a synthetic THC analogue of the first generation, was used in 1981 as an emetic against vomiting and nausea. Synthetic THC Marinol and dronabinol were used as antiemetics in 1985 and as appetite stimulators in 1991. In the early 2000s, manufactured cannabinoids began to be used for recreational use in order to achieve effects similar to those of cannabis. [Sources: 5]
The only part of synthetic cannabinoid products that is natural is the dried plant material. Chemical tests show that their active ingredients are man-made cannabinoid compounds. Deaths occur when dangerous synthetic opioids such as fentanyl are added without the user knowing. [Sources: 1]
Manufactured cannabinoids follow up on similar synapse receptors as THC (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol), the brain modifying fixing in weed.
Up until this point, there have been not many logical investigations of the impacts of manufactured cannabinoids on the human cerebrum, yet analysts do realize that some of them tie more emphatically than weed to the phone receptors influenced by THC and can create a lot more grounded impacts. The subsequent wellbeing impacts can be flighty and risky.
Since the compound structure of numerous engineered cannabinoid items is obscure and may change from one bunch to another, these items are probably going to contain substances that cause significantly unexpected impacts in comparison to the client may anticipate.
- elevated mood
- altered perception—awareness of surrounding objects and conditions
- symptoms of psychosis—delusional or disordered thinking detached from reality
- extreme anxiety
- paranoia—extreme and unreasonable distrust of others
- hallucinations—sensations and images that seem real though they are not
Are synthetic cannabinoids legal
Many people were admitted to the hospital and suffered negative symptoms after believing that they were comparable to cannabis ineffectiveness, harm, and potential effects. If not, they should be avoided in favor of pure powders. A comprehensive list of known synthetic cannabinoid derivatives and drug wikis is published in the respectable list of names with links to further information. [Sources: 6]
Synthetic cannabinoids belong to a group of drugs called new psychoactive substances (NPS). These are unregulated, mind-altering substances that have become available on the market and are said to have the same effects as illegal drugs. Although they are not as safe or affect the brain as marijuana, their actual effects are unpredictable and can in some cases be dangerous and even life-threatening. NPS has been around for years but has recently returned to the market in a modified chemical form with new popularity. [Sources: 1]
What are some other health effects of synthetic cannabinoids?
- rapid heart rate
- violent behavior
- suicidal thoughts
Are synthetic cannabinoids addictive?
Yes, synthetic cannabinoids can be addictive.
Behavioral therapies and medications have not specifically been tested for the treatment of addiction to these products. Health care providers should screen patients for possible co-occurring mental health conditions.
Can you overdose on synthetic cannabinoids?
Yes. An overdose occurs when a person uses too much of a drug and has a dangerous reaction that results in serious, harmful symptoms or death. Use of synthetic cannabinoids can cause:
- toxic reactions
- elevated blood pressure
- reduced blood supply to the heart
- kidney damage
The emergence of herbal highs on the market is not a new phenomenon. Such products usually consist of plant mixtures with little or no psychoactive effect. Since 2004, however, the composition of these products seems to have changed to include strong new psychoactive substances known as synthetic cannabinoids. [Sources: 7]
There are three main categories of manufactured cannabinoids: classical cannabinoids, cyclohexylphenols, and amino-alkylindols. One of the best-known classical cannabinoid-THC analogues is Hu-210. This chiral connection takes its name from the Hebrew University, where it was synthesized by Raphael Mechoulam in the 1980s. Hu- 210 is a Class I controlled substance under the Controlled Substances Act. [Sources: 2]
The new synthetic cannabinoid AM-2201 is identical to JWH 018, except that the terminal carbon of the alkyl chain has been converted into fluorine. In fact, it appeared in herbal and incense products in 2011 during the temporary timeline of JWH 0.18. Anecdotal reports from users posted online suggest AM 2201 is stronger than JWH. [Sources: 2]
Sources:: https://health.ny.gov/professionals/narcotic/synthetic_cannabinoids/ : https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts/synthetic-cannabinoids-k2spice : https://www.aacc.org/cln/articles/2013/february/cannabinoids : https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3799955/ : https://www.drugs.com/illicit/synthetic-marijuana.html : https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Synthetic_cannabinoids : https://psychonautwiki.org/wiki/Synthetic_cannabinoid : https://www.unodc.org/LSS/SubstanceGroup/Details/ae45ce06-6d33-4f5f-916a-e873f07bde02 : https://www.cannabissciencetech.com/view/synthetic-cannabinoid-chemical-arms-race-and-its-effect-pain-medication-monitoring